如何源码编译安装PHP7

PHP7于2015年12月3日发布正式版。有的发行版可以用第三方的PHP包安装,但大多数发行版现在都没有打包。如果你现在就想感受一下PHP7的性能,那么请看下面的步骤用源码编译安装PHP7。这篇文章也适用于其他PHP版本的编译安装,只要修改一下命令中的PHP版本号。

安装GCC编译器以及其他依赖

CentOS7

sudo yum group install "Development Tools"

Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install build-essential autoconf automake libtool bison re2c

删除PHP5

CentOS

sudo yum remove php php-common php-cli php-fpm php-mysql php-pdo

Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt-get purge php5*

下载PHP7源码

你可以用两种方式下载PHP7源码,一是用Git克隆PHP7,二是从PHP官网下载页面下载。我推荐使用Git clone.

git clone http://git.php.net/repository/php-src.git

cd php-src

git checkout PHP-7.0

进行编译安装

./buildconf            //用来生成configure脚本
./configure \
 --prefix=/usr \
 --with-config-file-path=/etc \
 --enable-mbstring \
 --enable-zip \
 --enable-bcmath \
 --enable-pcntl \
 --enable-ftp \
 --enable-exif \
 --enable-calendar \
 --enable-sysvmsg \
 --enable-sysvsem \
 --enable-sysvshm \
 --enable-wddx \
 --with-curl \
 --with-mcrypt \
 --with-iconv \
 --with-gmp \
 --with-pspell \
 --with-gd \
 --with-jpeg-dir=/usr \
 --with-png-dir=/usr \
 --with-zlib-dir=/usr \
 --with-xpm-dir=/usr \
 --with-freetype-dir=/usr \
 --with-t1lib=/usr \
 --enable-gd-native-ttf \
 --enable-gd-jis-conv \
 --with-openssl \
 --with-pdo-mysql=/usr \
 --with-gettext=/usr \
 --with-zlib=/usr \
 --with-bz2=/usr \
 --with-recode=/usr \
 --with-mysqli=/usr/bin/mysql_config

在configure的时候会出现很多常见的错误,所以呢,我先告诉你解决的办法。安装下面的dev或devel包就行了。如果你想查看每个错误对应的解决办法,那么请看文章的结尾。

CentOS安装devel包

sudo yum install libxml2-devel openssl-devel bzip2-devel curl-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel libXpm-devel freetype-devel gmp-devel libmcrypt-devel mysql-devel aspell-devel recode-devel

Debian/Ubuntu安装dev包

sudo apt-get install libxml2-dev libssl-dev libbz2-dev libjpeg-dev libpng-dev libxpm-dev libfreetype6-dev libgmp-dev libgmp3-dev libmcrypt-dev libmysqlclient15-dev libpspell-dev librecode-dev

再用make编译安装

make -jN

make test

sudo make install

-jN代表N个job。用CPU的数量替换N。如果你的CPU是4核的,那么make -j4。如果在执行第一个make命令时出现编译错误,那么可以执行make clean命令,再用make重新编译。

configure时的常见错误

xml2-config not found

如果configure时出现 error: xml2-config not found. 错误,那么要行安装libxml2-dev

Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install libxml2-dev

CentOS

sudo yum install libxml2-devel

Cannot find OpenSSL’s <evp.h>

如果出现 error: Cannot find OpenSSL’s <evp.h> 错误,那么执行下面的命令

Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install libssl-dev

CentOS

sudo yum install openssl-devel

Please reinstall the BZip2 distribution

CentOS:

sudo yum install bzip2-devel

Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install libbz2-dev

Please reinstall the libcurl distribution

CnetOS

sudo yum install curl-devel

jpeglib.h not found

CentOS

sudo yum install libjpeg-devel

Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install libjpeg-dev

png.h not found

CentOS

sudo yum install libpng-devel

Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install libpng-dev

xpm.h not found

CentOS

sudo yum install libXpm-devel

Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install libxpm-dev

freetype-config not found

CentOS

sudo yum install freetype-devel

Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install libfreetype6-dev

Unable to locate gmp.h

CentOS

sudo yum install gmp-devel

Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install libgmp-dev libgmp3-dev
ln -s /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu/gmp.h /usr/include/gmp.h

mcrypt.h not found. Please reinstall libmcrypt.

CentOS

sudo yum install libmcrypt-devel

Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install libmcrypt-dev

 Please reinstall the mysql distribution

CentOS

sudo yum install mysql-devel

Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install libmysqlclient15-dev

Cannot find pspell

CentOS

sudo yum install aspell-devel

Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install libpspell-dev

Can not find recode.h anywhere under /usr /usr/local /usr /opt.

CentOS

sudo yum install recode-devel -y

Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install librecode-dev
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